10 Effective DAP Teaching Strategies

posted in: Teaching Aids & Methods | 0

DAP – Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Program

An effective teacher or family child care provider chooses a strategy to fit a particular situation. It’s important to consider what the children already know and can do and the learning goals for the specific situation.

By remaining flexible and observant, we can determine which strategy may be most effective. Often, if one strategy doesn’t work, another will.

  • Acknowledge: what children do or say. Let children know that we have noticed by giving positive attention, sometimes through comments, sometimes through just sitting nearby and observing.
  • Encourage: persistence and effort rather than just praising and evaluating what the child has done.
  • Give specific feedback: rather than general comments.
  • Model: attitudes, ways of approaching problems, and behaviour toward others, showing children rather than just telling them.
  • Demonstrate: the correct way to do something. This usually involves a procedure that needs to be done in a certain way.
  • Create or add challenge: so that a task goes a bit beyond what the children can already do.
  • Ask questions: that provoke children’s thinking.
  • Give assistance: (such as a cue or hint) to help children work on the edge of their current competence.
  • Provide information: directly giving children facts, verbal labels, and other information.
  • Give directions: for children’s action or behaviour.


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Source: https://www.naeyc.org/resources/topics/dap/10-effective-dap-teaching-strategies

(This article/text/quote/image is shared in good spirit to strengthen the education system.)

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